UNIFIED COMMS | VOICE

session initiation protocol | SIP

SIP is the leading technology for telephony and unified communications delivery in Australian enterprise and business in 2020

SIP was born in response to the demand for multi-media, mobility, and inter-operability in the communication environment and has transformed the landscape for communication as we know it today.

Demand for SIP has escalated in the past 12 months with the decommissioning of the ISDN network, and the increased demand for unified communications tools.

What is SIP and how does it work?

SIP is the predominant choice of most Australian companies to manage telephony and unified communications.

SIP is a globally adopted and future-proof technology. It will survive voice and data convergence and the adoption of cloud solutions, making it is a safe investment.

Managers responsible for the network will need to understand some of the finer details of how SIP works to ensure traffic on the network, especially voice traffic, is given suitable bandwidth and priority.  

SIP [Session Initiation Protocol] manages the transfer of:

  • voice calls to internal and external locations nationally and internationally, and to fixed and mobile services
  • data such as email, files, images
  • instant messaging such as apps like Microsoft Teams, WhatsApp, Messenger
  • video conferencing including apps like Skype for Business, Zoom, BlueJeans
  • unified communications apps like Salesforce, Office 365, Docusign, DropBox

What is SIP trunking and how does it work?

The name ‘trunk’ comes from the telecom world and is a line or link that carries signals and connects nodes in a communications system – in other words, a pipe that carries the data channels inside it to connect two locations.

SIP trunking replaces the traditional method of the public switched telephone network (PSTN), which is a copper-wire, circuit-switched network that requires a physical connection between two points to make a call.

Instead, SIP trunks use a packet-switched network, which breaks down voice calls and multi-media messages into digital packets and sends them over a network to their destination.

SIP and VOIP

With Voice over IP, the calls travel over the internet rather than over traditional phone lines. But what happens when a VoIP user wants to call a phone that’s connected to the traditional phone network instead of to the internet?

The answer is nothing – unless the business has a SIP trunking service.

Since SIP is built on the internet protocol suite, rather than the communications interfaces used in the traditional phone network, SIP messages must be re-coded in order to reach an endpoint on the phone network. In reverse, calls made from the phone network need to be re-coded to be received by a VOIP service.

For these reasons, a SIP channel or trunk is needed to make and receive phone calls with a VoIP system to traditional numbers operated by carriers both locally and Internationally.

How does SIP work
SIP GATEWAY
SIP Gateway

Why would a business choose SIP?

SIP is the most popular solution for telephony and unified communications delivery in Australian in 2020.

The key reasons for this are:

  • it is future-proofed technology ready for 5G, edge computing and cloud 
  • it can reduce telephony costs by 50 percent over traditional IP infrastructure
  • it can be a guaranteed Quality of Service product
  • it has no fixed capacity
  • it delivers real-time unified communications applications
  • with an RSP such as Telstra there is the ability for mobile network failover
  • Cut operating costs by 50 percent
  • The major reason to move to SIP trunking is operational cost savings. Gartner estimates that SIP trunking offers savings of up to 50 percent when compared with traditional phone services. By replacing the need for confusing ISDN circuits and bypassing traditional PSTN phone lines, SIP trunking maximises Return on Investment. A SIP-VoIP solution can usually be expected to pay for itself within 12 months and long-term financial savings will also be evident through the increase in productivity given to the business. SIP trunking delivers savings in the following ways:
      • Free calls between offices. SIP providers route calls between your offices over either a private network you may be running or the internet. Free calling between offices can be a huge cost-saver for businesses, especially those with locations in multiple countries.
      • Better rates, particularly for international calls: Businesses can save as much as 75 percent on international calls with SIP trunking.
    Employees who work offsite can be integrated into your company network and be reached by a dedicated internal phone number and five-digit extension.
  • Real time UC applications
  • SIP providers offer a suite of VOIP tools on their hosted platforms such as video conferencing, instant messaging, and collaboration apps. Examples of UC providers are Cisco, Microsoft and Mitel, as well as Telstra (TIPT), all of which are commonly used by Australian companies.
    One of the key advantages of SIP is that it is a Quality of Service (QoS) technology, provided there is sufficient bandwidth available. QoS refers to managing data traffic to reduce packet losslatency and jitter on the network. SIP delivers QoS by setting priorities for specific types of data on the network. Companies use QoS to meet the traffic requirements of sensitive applications, such as real-time voice and video, and to prevent the loss of quality caused by packet loss, delay and jitter.

  • Best effort v guaranteed QoS
  • Many service providers offer SIP products which have either Best Effort QoS or Guaranteed QoS. Best Effort is a QoS model where all the packets receive the same priority and there is no guaranteed delivery of packets. Best Effort is applied when networks have not configured QoS policies or when the infrastructure does not support QoS. Guaranteed QoS is a model where the provider guarantees that there will be sufficient bandwidth allocated to handle all traffic without degradation of quality of service. Guaranteed QoS may require a dedicated SIP trunking solution or private cloud.

  • Mobile failover as redundancy
  • SIP is an established and reliable technology. And, if you choose an RSP like Telstra you can utilise the mobile network for fail-over and a form of redundancy. Voice communications will be able to be routed to other offices or mobile devices in the event of a fixed network outage. However, as mobile services don’t guarantee bandwidth and are subject to larger levels of Jitter and latency, call quality cannot always be guaranteed
  • No fixed capacity
  • SIP is not a physically mapped infrastructure so doesn’t have a fixed capacity as such. With a SIP trunk, you can increase or decrease the number of simultaneous calls you handle almost in real-time. Depending on the plan you choose and feature sets available, you can add lines, change extensions and re-route calls on demand.

  • Bandwidth
  • The bandwidth purchased will determine how much traffic can be handled without loss of quality. This is particularly important when considering how many voice calls can be made concurrently with SIP trunking. Each non-compressed call uses approximately 85-100 kbps of bandwidth. In most Internet connections the upload speed is typically slower, so when determining the number of calls a connection will support, it is sensible to use the upload speed. If, for example, the upload speed on an Internet connection is 4Mbps, then the maximum recommended number of calls would be 40 (4,000,000/100,000).
  • Move offices and keep the same number
  • SIP Trunks are not bound to a location, so it’s easy to move offices without having to change your stationary or inform your customers. There is no longer any need to pay to forward phone calls to the new offices.
  • Employees who work offsite can be integrated into your company network
  • Remote workers can be reached by a dedicated internal phone number and five-digit extension. Voices calls can, depending on your PBX or if you have chosen a hosted platform, be used by a number of carriers in Australia seamlessly route from desk extensions to mobile devices, or between offices.

    Business use cases for SIP

    SIP is an enabling technology.

    A SIP solution can be used in many business use cases including:

    • re-thinking communication channels between a head office and branches; or a head office and retail outlets; or a head office and field-force staff; to take advantage of lower costs
    • moving an on-premise PBX phone system to the cloud
    • introducing Unified Communications and VOIP services like video calling, instant messaging, file sharing to the business
    • replacing ISDN lines which are being disconnected
    • upgrading services and migrating to NBN
    • upgrading to IP telephony from PTSN/ISDN

    In Australia, many small businesses with 5 or fewer trunks, and branch offices, will be able to provision their SIP trunks over the same broadband internet connection as standard internet traffic.

    However, be aware that voice packets are sharing bandwidth with internet traffic, so the volume of internet traffic and the bandwidth available become critical factors that determine quality of voice calls.

    To avoid the risk of dropped packets and delayed transmission which will result in a noticeably poor quality of service for end users and customers, during periods of peak usage ensure there is enough bandwidth allocated.

    If internet and voice traffic are light, a high bandwidth/low cost connection can be a very good solution for small businesses.

    Businesses that need over 5 trunks and have moderate phone traffic will benefit by having a dedicated network connection.

    The best option would be a private MPLS link which supports QoS and eliminates contention.

    The next best type of connection would be a dedicated internet connection for voice. Most call quality issues arise in the last mile or the connection between the customer and Internet Service Provider. Keeping standard internet traffic and voice traffic separate will resolve the issue of voice packets having to compete for the same bandwidth as all other internet traffic.

    The best option for businesses that need 20+ SIP trunks is an MPLS network with guaranteed QoS, and the ability to deliver multiple unified communications solutions like video conferencing, instant messaging, multi-media file sharing, and cloud-based applications in real time.

    For enterprise businesses that experience large phone traffic, the optimal solution would be to install a dedicated fibre connection between the premise and the SIP provider. The same connection can be used to provide internet access and a QoS supported voice solution.

    Although such a solution could be more expensive than typical DSL or cable connections, it has the added benefits of long-distance savings, elimination of copper trunks at remote offices (with SIP, those numbers can port to the corporate office) and better use of bandwidth.

    What is the best SIP solution for business?

    Even though legacy IP solutions may still be doing the job, for a business to get ahead in the 21st century it needs to be looking at investing in high performing, next generation communications to gain the ultimate collaborative edge.

    To take advantage of future-led, data hungry applications such as business VoIP, requires a network that is far more powerful than the average broadband connection.

    There is no one-size-fits-all solution for SIP trunks because the best option will depend on an organisation’s size, internet traffic and call volume.

    However, there are two main delivery methods for SIP trunks:

    • over the public Internet
    • over a private MPLS network

    Multi-Protocol Label Switching is a private circuit used to connect multiple sites and remote workers. It was created to increase the forwarding speed of routers and has evolved to become vital in the building of large IP networks.

    MPLS does not use the public internet which means the business retains complete control of its traffic, and is able to add priorities to types of traffic such as data or voice. This means MPLS is a Quality of Service (QoS) network delivering faster speeds and a totally uncongested network.

    MPLS solutions are flexible in nature so network designers can easily decrease the number of ‘hops’ to and from different network points making for a rapid response time.

    To get the most out of SIP Trunks they will need to be placed over a QoS network such as MPLS.

    The other method of utilising SIP is over the public Internet.

    SIP over the public Internet may be suitable for businesses with light phone traffic.

    If the connection is going to be used to send other types of traffic such as video or email, there has to be enough bandwidth to cope, or there has to be a way for voice traffic to be prioritised over all other traffic.

    Having a dedicated separate internet connection for voice traffic would solve the problem of contention at the local network level but not at the Internet Service Provider level, and although this is a better solution, QoS still cannot be ensured and there may be some loss of performance unless carefully monitored.

    MobileCorp managed SIP migration service

    MobileCorp will manage the entire SIP migration project driving to a successful completion with minimal input required from the business.

    Areas of accountability include:

    Solution design and costing

    MobileCorp technical specialists will partner with the business to gain a deep understanding of the current infrastructure set-up and the business’ requirements, both existing and future. We will collate the business bandwidth required based on existing and future use then design a solution utilising our knowledge of SIP, enterprise ICT and UC, and service providers like Telstra. We will then prepare a costed proposal for approval.

    Project management

    MobileCorp will manage the entire migration process to an agreed Scope of Works which will include:

    • liaison with equipment suppliers, and selected RSP
    • co-ordinating on-premise activity including technician visits from NBN (if required), RSP, and potential cabling work
    • build and submit a complete and accurate order document for the RSP e.g. Telstra
    • proof-of-concept testing
    • manage the cut-over of services without downtime or disruption to the business

    Testing and reporting 

    MobileCorp will liaise with all parties to ensure the technology cut-over is planned and executed without disruption or downtime. Any issues which may arise will be managed to resolution by MobileCorp.

    Telstra IP Telephony (TIPT)

    Telstra’s SIP-based solution is commonly known by its acronym, TIPT.

    There are many SIP products available in Australia. All of the major telco carriers, as well as from a range of smaller registered service providers (RSPs), offer service plans of varying speed and QoS.

    MobileCorp recommends Telstra’s TIPT for Australian business for the following reasons:

    • all hardware can be paid off over 36 months on the monthly Telstra bill
    • Telstra is Australia’s highest performance network as announced by Gartner (2019) with proven SIP trunking capability
    • disaster recovery failover is to the Telstra 4G or 5G network
    • low cost calling rates, choice of service plans, and number of SIP trunks
    • can be delivered over any internet service provider, not just Telstra

    As a Telstra Platinum Partner, MobileCorp recommends TIPT. We can, however, work with other SIP solution providers and will provide vendor agnostic advice and support.

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